YUNG-VILNE ("Young Vilna"), Yiddish literary group, introduced in the daily Vilner Tog in 1929 with the headline: "Young Vilna Marches into Yiddish Literature." It aroused excitement through its miscellanies (Yung-Vilne, 1934–36), its contributions to local and international Yiddish journals, and individual books of verse and fiction. Principal members included poets chaim grade , Shimshon Kahan, Peretz Miransky, abraham sutzkever , Elkhanan Wogler, and leyzer wolf , prose writers shmerke kaczerginski and Moyshe Levin, and artists Bentsie Mikhtom and Rokhl Sutzkever. Dozens more were associated with the group, whose members were united by generation, place, a shared humanistic orientation, and the encouragement of local intellectuals like zalman rejzen and max weinreich . A Yung-Vilne evening in the Vilna ghetto, the participation of several members in the partisan underground, and the accomplishments of Grade and Sutzkever as leading postwar Yiddish writers assure that Yung-Vilne will be remembered as one of the great incubators of Jewish creativity in interwar Poland. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: L. Ran, 25 Yor Yung-Vilne (1955); E. Shulman, Yung-Vilne (1946). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Cammy, in: Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry, 14 (2001), 170–91; idem, in: Judische Kultur(en) im Neuen Europa: Wilna 19181939 (2004), 117–33; Di Goldene Keyt, 101 (1980) (Yung-Vilne issue); A. Novershtern, in: The Jews of Poland Between Two World Wars (1989), 383–98. (Sol Liptzin / Justin D. Cammy (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Юнг Вилне — Стоят (cправа налево): Шмерке Качергинский, Авром Суцкевер, Эльхонон Воглер, Хаим Граде, Лейзер Вольф; cидят: Мойше Левин, Шейне Эфрон, Шимшн Каган, Рохл Суцкевер, Бенцион Михтом Юнг Вилне (идиш יונג ווילנע …   Википедия

  • KACZERGINSKY, SZMERKE — (1908–1954), Yiddish writer. Born in Vilna (Lithuania), Kaczerginsky joined the literary group yung vilne in 1929, contributing poems and stories to its publications. He worked as a printer and was active in underground communist movements, for… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moshe Shalit — Moshe Shalit, parfois Moses, Moyshe ou Moishé Shalit, Moïsé Salitas en lituanien, (22 décembre 1885, à Vilna 29 juillet 1941, à Wilno, l actuelle Vilnius, Lituanie), était chercheur, journaliste, essayiste, ethnographe et l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moshe Shalit — Moshe Shalit, also Moses, Moyshe, Moishé, Moïsé Salitas [b. December 22, 1885, Vilna, Russia (present day Vilnius, Lithuania), d. July 19, 1941, Wilno, Poland (present day Vilnius, Lithuania)], was a researcher, journalist, essayist, ethnographer …   Wikipedia

  • GRADE, CHAIM — (1910–1982), Yiddish poet and novelist. Born in Vilna, Grade became that city s most articulate literary interpreter. After his father s early death, his mother ran a market stall in order to provide him a traditional education; he attended… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MIRANSKY, PERETZ — (1908–1993), Yiddish poet and fable writer. Miransky was born in Vilnius (Vilna), Lithuania, where he attended ḥeder and then public high school. He made his literary debut in 1934 with two fables in the Vilner Tog. He joined the yung vilne… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SUTZKEVER, ABRAHAM — (1913– ), Yiddish poet. Born in Smargon (Belorussia), Sutzkever fled with his family to Siberia to escape the German occupation of his hometown during World War I, returning to Vilna after the war. He was not educated in the city s secular… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • WOLF, LEYZER — (pseudonym of Eliezer Mekler; 1910–1943), Yiddish poet. His bizarre parodies, grotesques, and dramatic sketches bridged popular and elite impulses in the literary group yung vilne . His first book, Evigingo (1936), was an exotic parody of Europe… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • VILNA — (Pol. Wilno, Lithuanian Vilnius), from 1323 capital of the grand duchy of lithuania ; from 1940 to 1991 capital of the Lithuanian S.S.R.; from 1991 capital of Lithuania; called by East European Jewry, especially in the modern period, the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Yiddish literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the Yiddish language of Ashkenazic (Ashkenazi) Jewry (central and eastern European Jews and their descendants).       Yiddish literature culminated in the period from 1864 to 1939, inspired …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.